We propose to assemble two major new sources of data on urban India to support a study on the causal impacts of urban growth on rural development, rural-to-urban migration, and slum formation. These data sources are the urban Socioeconomic and Caste Census, which contains demographic, asset, income and occupation data for all Indian households, and the Economic Census, which is an enumeration of every firm in the non-farm sector including informal and non-manufacturing firms , geocoded at the subtown level.
Follow us. Directed by. Agricultural technology Economics of Ebola Election debates Increasing foreign investment Industrialisation in Africa Management matters Prepaid electricity Public sector workers Reducing pollution Seasonal migration Tax collection Ultra-poor Women in the workforce. The project resulted in many different types of outputs from the three collaborative organisations. The followings are highlights of some our overall key findings:.
Citiscope: Habitat III can help migration drive city development
Search icon. Close menu icon. Menu icon bar 1 Menu icon bar 2 Menu icon bar 3. Research in Urban Studies. Urban Transformations: Urban Development, Migration, Segregation and Inequality Context Urbanization and urban transformation in China is one of the most important aspects of global development in the 21st century.
Urban researchers and government policy makers are currently exploring the idea of urban agglomerations conurbations and city clusters, as cities in highly urbanised regions begin to merge. Urbanisation process in China was accompanied by many serious social, economic, and environmental problems. Inequality between urban and rural areas, between different regions and between the rich and poor are the most challenging ones.
Millions of rural migrants live and work in cities, but they are often segregated in urban villages and other poor areas from the areas of mainstream urban residents and the emerging new middle classes. Their employment conditions, income, housing and living environment form a sharp contrast to the modern images of middle class neighbourhoods in Chinese cities.
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The mayors of Saint-Omer, Quilicura and Palermo, for instance, underscored the importance in their daily city management of regular, direct dialogue with migrant groups. Third, the negative impacts of urbanization on rural areas should not be overlooked as an area of both challenge and opportunity.
While migrants have specific needs during times of crises, they can also become agents of development when the right policies are put in place. On the one hand, the president of the communes of Togo and the mayor of Karofane, Niger, pointed to how shrinking rural populations can have significant social and economic impacts on those left behind in those areas.
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This is particularly important as those groups — including the young, the elderly and the disabled — often have the greatest needs. On the other hand, conference participants recognized that impacted rural areas can also be positively affected by smart, responsive planning.
Such approaches promote economic diversification and competitiveness while also ensuring sufficient levels of investment to meet the needs of those who stay in rural communities. Fourth, there is currently a policy vacuum on migration in urbanization policies.
Migration and the Inclusive City | Cities Alliance
The challenges of urbanization include the effective integration of migrants and the development of adequate infrastructure and services, and these need to feature in all aspects of public policy. Participants noted that access to migrant-sensitive health services is particularly essential to promoting positive outcomes for migrants and their communities. Fifth, local leaders can change the national perception of migration.
The immense potential contributions of migrants — and the proven benefits — should be emphasized to balance and ultimately drown out negative perceptions about immigration. While overall discourse on migration is set at the top, it is local leadership and community actors who can often play the largest role in promoting positive perceptions toward migration and migrants. The campaign also underscores the importance of local responses to combat discrimination while attempting to change the lens through which people view migrants and migration in cities across the globe.
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Sixth, new approaches to urban governance and migration policies, including meaningful dialogue at all levels of government, are called for. Good governance of human mobility in the urban context requires partnerships between local and central authorities and all relevant actors, including the private sector. Yet currently there is a disconnect between central and local authorities in the policy-planning process, with governments often failing to sufficiently acknowledge and support the role of local authorities in national development planning.
If strengthened, collaboration between the two levels can allow for coherent policy responses, which can maximize the positive outcomes of migration and human mobility. Moreover, partnerships between local and central authorities can ensure that national policies align with the needs and capacities of local authorities at the heart of implementation.
Migrants can also be key partners with local authorities in efficiently managing migration and the challenges of inclusion and diversity it implies. Migrants and diasporas can act as bridge-builders and promoters of development. They can contribute to reducing risks of urban crises, in building the resilience of cities of destination and in developing localities in their areas of origin.
IOM and the Resilient Cities initiative plan to jointly produce a planning guide and toolbox as guidance for well-managed urban migration. Note: Citiscope receives support from the Rockefeller Foundation, which oversees Resilient Cities.